Budget 2018: What does it mean for your wallet?

Here's our round-up of what chancellor Philip Hammond's Autumn Budget means for you and your money.

26-30 Railcard

A new 26-30 year-old railcard will be made available by the end of 2018. The chancellor says that it will save up to 4.4 million young people a third on their rail fares.

50p 'Brexit' coin

A special 50p coin to commemorate Britain leaving the EU will be issued next year. 

Air passenger duty

Short-haul air passenger duty is frozen for the eighth year in a row. Long-haul duty will rise in line with inflation.

Broadband

The chancellor is expected to announce extra funding for broadband connectivity to households in rural areas. This comes in the form of a £250 million spending pledge for the most remote parts of the UK to gain access to super-fast internet connections.

Digital services tax

The chancellor has announced a 2% "digital services tax" on the revenue of large online businesses to generate at least £500 million per year globally from April 2020. The chancellor says that the tax will be designed to avoid hurting consumers and is instead aimed at large corporations that pay little tax in the UK currently. It is expected to raise £400 million in revenue each year.

Tim Bennett, Partner at Killik & Co comments: “Fiscal Phil’s only real Budgetary firework is the announcement that the UK is prepared to go it alone with a digital sales tax from April 2020, in the absence of an international agreement on this issue.

"Setting Britain on a solo collision course with some of the world’s biggest technology companies may be interpreted as either brave, or a little foolish.”

Employment

The chancellor will apply IR35 employment changes to private sector to large and medium-sized businesses, having already implemented a crackdown in the public sector on employees who are paid via personal services companies to avoid paying tax. Currently, many workers function as self-employed despite working only for one company, by setting themselves up as a 'personal services companies' (PSCs), as this provides a National Insurance tax break.

Angela James, director, contractor wealth & senior adviser, CMME, comments: “The extension of public sector IR35 reforms to the private sector is disappointing at best.

"Although this is applied only to medium and large businesses at present, my concern is that increasing tax liabilities may spark a trend of the self-employed ditching their limited companies for umbrella ones, where all income will be PAYE. This disincentivises a fast-growing, entrepreneurial section of the economy."

Fuel duty

Duties on petrol, as previously announced, have been frozen for the ninth year in a row. Mr Hammond says that this will save the average car driver over £1,000 and the average van driver £2,500. Prime Minister Theresa May committed the government to this at the Conservative party conference.

Income tax

Mr Hammond has announced that plans to raise income tax thresholds for millions of workers will be brought forward. The tax-free earnings threshold will be raised to £12,500 for the tax year beginning April 2019. The higher rate threshold will be raised to £50,000 from £46,350.

Housing

The chancellor has announced a cut to stamp duty for first-time buyers of shared-ownership homes worth up to £500,000. The measure is retrospective, so that anyone who bought a house since the last Budget will benefit. A further £500 million is also being made available for the Housing Infrastructure Fund, to help build 650,000 homes.

Helen Morrissey, spokesperson at Royal London, comments: “While the extension of this stamp duty relief will help first-time buyers to get a step on the housing ladder we would argue that more can be done to make the housing market more liquid.

"While first-time buyers can buy a home what of those further up the ladder who cannot afford to either move to a larger home to accommodate their growing families or those looking to downsize.

"We would urge the government to look at reliefs for those further up the housing ladder if we really want to free up the housing market.”

Help to buy

The help to buy scheme which was expected to end this year has been extended until 2023.

Kevin Roberts, director of Legal & General Mortgage Club, comments: “Today’s extension of the Help to Buy scheme to 2023 has provided much-needed clarity over the scheme.

"Not only do housebuilders now have more certainty for longer-term planning and building the thousands of new homes our country so desperately needs, but it also gives potential buyers who are saving for a deposit the peace of mind that they too can benefit from the scheme over the coming years.”

Lettings relief 

The chancellor has announced that from April 2020, the government will limit lettings relief to properties where the owner is in shared occupancy with the tenant, and reduce the final period exemption from 18 months to nine months.

Robert Nichols, chief executive of lettings agency Portico, says: “Once again, private buy to let landlords have to get their heads around another tax change that will leave them worse off in the long run.

"The new restrictions on lettings relief is a further punishment to hard working individuals who have chosen to invest sensibly in residential property.

"Limiting lettings relief to properties where the owner is in shared occupancy with the tenant is as good as removing it in its entirety.”

National living wage

The national living wage will increase from £7.83 to £8.21 from April 2019.

Pensions

Despite speculation he might, the chancellor has not announced changes to pensions tax relief.

Former pensions minister Steve Webb, now director of policy at Royal London, comments: "The chancellor’s windfall from better-than-expected borrowing forecasts meant that he did not have to cut back pension tax relief in this Budget. 

"But having described the system as ‘eye-wateringly expensive’ it is likely to be only a matter of time before this chancellor – or his successor – comes back for more. Today’s respite for pension tax relief is likely to be only temporary."

Pensions cold calling will also finally be banned, subject to parliamentary approval.

Kate Smith, head of pensions at Aegon, comments: “Finally, the government is going to implement the ban on pension cold-calling. Although we still haven’t got a date, we welcome this commitment and are hopeful the ban will become a reality sooner rather than later.

“The pension cold-calling ban has been long-time coming and although it won’t be the panacea, a ban will go some way to protecting people from pension scammers. 

“For the ban to be effective, it needs to be accompanied by a public awareness campaign. So we’re pleased to see that the government will work with partners to make sure people are aware that pension cold-calling will be illegal, once the ban is in place.”

The Lifetime allowance is set to rise, but the Isa allowance will stay at £20,000. 

Plastic

The government will introduce a new tax on the manufacture and import of plastic packaging which contains less than 30% recycled plastic. However, no tax on plastic cups, including coffee cups, will be introduced as of yet.

Public lavatories

The chancellor has announced extra business rates tax relief for businesses that make lavatories available to the public. He also says businesses with a rateable value of £51,000 or less will have their business rates cut by a third in the next two years, worth up to £8,000.

Roads

The chancellor has announced an immediate £420 million in funding for local authorities to tackle potholes on UK roads. The chancellor has also earmarked £28.8 billion for a 'National Roads Fund' to help fund new roads and maintain the existing network.

Sin taxes

Beer and cider duty has been frozen for the next tax year. Duty on spirits has also been frozen. Wine duty will increase in line with RPI inflation.

Social care

The chancellor has announced a further £650 million in grant funding for councils in England to pay for social care in 2019-20. He has also announced an extra £45 million disabled facilities grant in 2018-19.

Steven Cameron, pensions director at Aegon, comments: “The commitment to provide an additional £650 million of funding for social care will offer some relief to councils struggling with ever increasing demands.

"However, this is little more than a temporary, sticking plaster measure and we urgently need concrete, long-term proposals in the promised Green Paper on how to tackle the huge issue of funding social care costs."

Universal credit

Work allowances under Universal Credit will increase by £1,000 per year.

This article was originally written by our sister publication Moneywise.

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