Just days after its manifesto launch, the Labour Party has issued a new pledge to spend billions of pounds compensating those hit by state pension equalisation.
Below we round-up Labour’s promised compensation to women born in the 1950s hit by changes to the state pension age. We also highlight the stance of the other major parties.
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What has Labour promised?
Labour has promised to address the “historic injustice” faced by women born in the 1950s, providing those affected with compensation.
The source of the supposed injustice is the 1995 Pensions Act, which committed the government to equalising the state pension age between men and women by 2020.
The government decided to accelerate its plan to increase the state pension age in 2010, with the state pension age for women recently being raised to 65, the same as it currently is for men. The plan is for the age to rise to 66 for both sexes by 2020.
Campaign groups such as Women Against State Pension Inequality (Waspi), argue that women born in the 1950s, who will now have to wait longer for their state pension, were not sufficiently warned of the changes and must now either stay in work longer than planned or potentially face economic hardship.
Labour had previously mentioned in their election manifesto that the changes had “left millions of women with no time to make alternative plans – with sometimes devastating personal consequences”.
To address this, Labour said they would “design a system of recompense for the losses and insecurity they have suffered”.
Now, however, the shadow chancellor John McDonnell has committed to introduce a universal scheme to pay those affected a maximum of £31,300.
How much will it cost?
Labour has been explicit that the compensation scheme will be universal, not means-tested. This means that around 3.7 million women will be, in theory, entitled to up to £31,300 in compensation. Labour, however, expects the average amount paid out to be per person £15,380.
In total, the entire compensation scheme, McDonnell has said, is expected to cost around £58 billion. To put that number in perspective, the government spent £96.7 billion in 2018 to 2019 on state pension payments.
However, the £58 billion figure itself as been disputed. According to Paul Johnson, director of the Institute for Fiscal Studies (IFS), the government would actually need to borrow an extra £12 billion every year for the next five years, on top of what Labour has already promised to spend, to fund the scheme.
Where will the money come from?
Labour’s spending commitments in the party’s manifesto have been “costed,” with the source of extra revenue required for extra spending spelled out in the party’s ‘Funding Real Change’ grey book document. The latest pledge, however, is not “costed.”
Asked on The BBC’s Andrew Marr Show about how the compensation scheme will be paid for, Angela Rayner, a member of the shadow cabinet, said: “Any government would have to find that money anyway. But the problem is – and we opposed it at the time in 2011 – the Conservatives with the Liberal Democrats stole this money from those women who were born in the 1950s. It’s completely unacceptable and millions of women have been plunged into poverty and don’t just want handouts by social security – they want their money back.”
Ros Altmann, the former pensions minister, describes Labour's proposal as "irresponsible". She adds: "The calls on taxpayer funding and staggeringly large sums of money that are being promised, in the context of a country that has not found money for social care and has enormous debts, make the staggering promises to all 1950s women seem irresponsible."
How does Labour’s pledge stack up to the policy of other parties?
The Liberal Democrats have paid lip service to providing compensation to women affected by the state pension change, but with little detail. The party’s manifesto says that those affected should be “properly compensated, according to the recommendations of the parliamentary ombudsman”.
However, Lib Dem leader Jo Swinson criticised Labour proposals for not being clear “where the money is coming from”.
The Conservative Party has been clearer that compensation for those affected is not on the table. During the leader’s Question Time debate, prime minister Boris Johnson said that while he sympathises with those affected by the changes, he “cannot promise that I can magic that money for you tonight”.
I am now my 60s and although my health isn't great I still have to work full time this compensation will make a big difference and mean I might be able to go part time. I did want Brexit but now i might swing my vote due to this one promise. I hope you keep your word Jeremy!
At 58 took REDUNDANCY from NHS to Nurse my Dad who had Bowel Cancer for 2 years I went to Appointments travelled with him stayed at his side at home until his last breath!! No Carers allowance no nothing
Told at 60 no Pension till I am 62 disappointing but found a part time job to make ends meet
Then low and behold told overnight now it's 64 then Heavens above 66
Now it feels as I have just served a prison sentence
I was born Sept 1954 I am 65
Had a full Hip REPLACEMENT
I am sick and tired of having no MONIES to live off and relying on my Husband who at 67 still has to work Part time
So yes I will vote LABOUR
I want to live again !!!
This GOVERNMENT STOLE my retirement as well as
nearly 4 Million Womens State Pension funds and denied it all !!!!