US markets are once again hitting record highs. The Dow Jones recently hit a new record of 24,000 while the S&P 500 recached 2,650 and the NASDAQ looks on its way to surpassing 7,000.
The record highs continue to confound bearish commentators, who repeatedly point out that relative to history the US market is very expensive. When looking at the Shiller/Cape ratio the US market has only been expensive on three other occasions: 1929, 1999 and 2007, and we all know what happened next.
President Trump’s recent success towards passing his much-anticipated tax reform – which most significantly includes a cut in corporation tax from a nominal rate of 35 per cent to 20 per cent – has further added to market confidence. Indeed, the expectation of reflation borne out of fiscal policy to boost economic activity has been keeping markets buoyant since Trump won the election. Trump has pledged to cut taxes, while also increasing infrastructure and defence spending.
Is this optimism justified? General economic data – such as GDP growth and employment levels – are good and this is expected to continue into 2018. Likewise, corporate earnings are expected to be strong in 2018, while, when implemented, Trump’s corporate tax cut will boost short-term earnings and presumably keep positive market sentiment ticking over.
Institute for Supply Management show that recent new orders are robust. As David Kohl, chief currency strategist at Julius Baer notes: ‘Order dynamics being very strong…suggest that the current and next quarter will be quite robust.’
Kohl argues that business investment activity has seen the strongest improvements recently and therefore has a good chance of overtaking consumption as the cornerstone for US economic growth in 2018.
All of this has led Julius Baer to anticipate strong economic growth in 2018 and revise upwards its projections from 2.4 per cent/2.5 per cent to 2.7 per cent.
At the same time, the Russell 2000, America’s main smaller companies index, is still trending upward, reaching an all-time high of its own. That’s important, as many investors view the direction of small caps are a general sign of where the economy may be headed.
Reasons to be cautious
Other indicators, however, are less positive. Take the SOX index (chart below). This index tracks firms that are involved in the manufacture, sale and distribution of semi-conductors, which owing to their wide variety of uses in goods produced across the economy, are a good barometer of general economic health. On this front, the news is not so good. After a wobble in May, the SOX fell by 4.4 per cent on Wednesday 29 November.
This could just be short-term blip. Alternatively, it could be indicative of a change the type of stocks in favour right now. As Russ Mould of AJ Bell notes, it could indicative of a ‘switch from tech and perceived growth stocks back to financials and cyclicals.’
Worst case, however, the recent dip may be a warning of a coming slowdown in US economic activity and declining optimism in markets.
Another mixed indicator that investors should keep an eye on is the Dow Jones Transportation Index. This includes airline, trucking and rail firms – companies involved in the shipment of goods. This, notes Mould, ‘is a good indicator because if goods are being shipped, then they are being sold and more will be made.’
Whether this index is in negative or positive territory isn’t quite so clear right now. One the one hand, the Transportation index has been lagging the Dow Jones Industrial index. Falling behind industrials potentially spells trouble ahead. On the other hand, Wednesday 29th November saw a handsome gain for the index, suggesting positive economic activity ahead.
Is it time to sell out of US markets? Not quite, says Mould. No indicators yet are screaming at investors sell. However, he cautions: ‘There is enough uncertainty here to suggest investors in the US market should be watching their portfolios carefully and considering when might be the right time to bank some of the handsome profit they could have made over recent months.’
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